Haredim in America

Berger, Joseph,  The Pious Ones: The World of Hasidim and Their Battles with America. New York: Harper Perennial, 2015

Boyarin, Jonathan. “Circumscribing Constitutional Identities in Kiryas Joel.” The Yale Law Journal 106, no. 5 (1997): 1537–70. 

Deutsch, Nathanial and Michael Casper, A Fortress in Brooklyn: Race, Real Estate, and the Making of Hasidic Williamsburg. Yale University Press, 2021

Fader, Ayala, Mitzvah Girls: Bringing Up the Next Generation of Hasidic Girls in Brooklyn, PUP, 2009.

Ferziger, Adam, Beyond Sectarianism: The Realignment of American Orthodox Judaism. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2015

Goldschmidt, Henry, Race and Religion among the Chosen Peoples of Crown Heights, Rutgers University Press, 2006.

Gurock, Jeffrey S., Orthodox Jews in America. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2009

Heilman, Samuel, Who Will Lead Us? The Story of Five Hasidic Dynasties in America. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2017

Heilman, Samuel, Sliding to the Right: The Contest for the Future of American Orthodoxy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006

Heilman, Samuel, Defenders of the Faith: Inside Ultra-Orthodox Jewry. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999

Kranzler, George, Hasidic Williamsburg: A Contemporary American Hasidic Community. Northvale, N.J. : Jason Aronson, 1995

Magid, Shaul, “Is There an American Jewish Fundamentalism Part I: Habad,” in David Watts and Simon Woods eds. Fundamentalism: Perspectives on a Contested History, Charleston, S.C.: University of South Carolina Press, 2014, 92-107

Magid, Shaul, ”Is There an American Jewish Fundamentalism Part II: Satmar” in David Watts and Simon Woods eds. Fundamentalism: Perspectives on a Contested History, Charleston, S.C.: University of South Carolina Press, 2014, 92-107

Magid, Shaul, ”Hasidism, Mithnagdism and Contemporary American Judaism,” in The Cambridge History of Jewish Philosophy, Martin Kavka and David Novak eds., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012, 280-310.

Myers, David N., “The Rise of a Sovereign Shtetl: Communitarianism from the Bottom Up in Kiryas Joel, N.Y.,” Jewish Studies Quarterly 23 (2016), 222-46.

Poll, Solomon, The Hasidic Community of Williamsburg: A Study in the Sociology of Religion. New York: Schocken Books, 1969

Rubin, Israel, Satmar: Two Generations of an Urban Island. New York: Peter Land, 1997

Shain, Michelle, “Understanding the Demographic Challenge: Education, Orthodoxy, and the Fertility of American Jews.” Contemporary Jewry 39(2) (2019): 273-92.

Stolzenberg, Nomi and David Myers, American Shtetl: The Making of Kiryas Joel (Princeton University Press, 2022)

Haredim in Europe

Gutwirth, Jacques,Vie juive traditionnelle: ethnologie d’une communauté hassidique [Traditional Jewish Life: Ethnology of a Hasidic Community]. Paris: de Minuit, 1970.

Kasstan, Ben, Making Bodies Kosher: The Politics of Reproduction among Haredi Jews in England. Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2019.

Vanden Daelen, Veerle, “Orthodoxy Through Diamonds: Jewish Life in Antwerp after World War II” in Purchasing Power: The Economics of Modern Jewish History, edited by Rebecca Kobrin and Adam Teller. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015.

Haredim in Israel

Brown, Benjamin, The Haredim: A Guide to their Beliefs and Sectors, Tel Aviv and Jerusalem: Am Oved and Israel Democracy Institute, 2017

Brown, Benjamin, A Society in Motion: Structures and Processes in Ultra-Orthodox Judaism, Jerusalem: Israel Democracy Institute, 2021

Brown, Benjamin, Trembling at the Word of the People: Haredi Critique of Israeli Democracy, Jerusalem: Israel Democracy Institute, 2012

Brown, Iris, “Building the Land in a Haredi Spirit: The Activist Approach of the Klausenburger Rebbe on the State of Israel and the Role of the Haredim,” Religion Nationalism: The Struggle for Modern Jewish Identitiy 1 (2014): 224–40

Caplan, Kimmy and Sivan, Emauel, eds., Israeli Haredim: Integration Witout Assimilation? Jerusalem and Tel-Aviv: Van Leer Jerusalem Institute and Hakibbutz Hameuchad, 2003

Kimmy Caplan and Yael Bachar, eds. “Scholarly Studies on Israeli Haredi Society”

Caplan, Kimmy, “The Importance of Historical Perspectives of Israel’s Ultra-Orthodox Society,” Democratic Culture 17 (2017): 267–90

Zicherman, Haim, and Cahaner, Lee, Modern Ultra-Orthodoxy: the Emergence of a Haredi Middle Class in Israel, Jerusalem: Israel Democracy Institute, 2013

Zicherman, Haim, Black, Blue, White: Journey into Haredi Society in Israel, Tel Aviv and Jerusalem: Yediot Sfarim, 2014

Malach, Gilad, and Cahaner, Lee, The Yearbook of Ultra-Orthodox Society in Israel 2020, Jerusalem: Israel Democracy Institute, 2021.

Stadler, Nurit, Yeshiva fundamentalism: Piety, gender and resistance in the ultra-orthodox world. New York University Press, 2009


Bacon, Gershon, The Politics of Tradition: Agudat Yisrael in Poland, 1916-39. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1996

Breuer, Mordechai, Modernity within Tradition: The Social History of Orthodox Jewry in Imperial Germany. New York: Columbia University Press, 1992

Ellenson, David, Rabbi Esriel Hildesheimer and the Creation of a Modern Jewish Orthodoxy. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1990

Ferziger, Adam, Exclusion and Hierarchy: Orthodoxy, Nonobservance, and the Emergence of Modern Jewish Identity. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005

Friedman, Menachem, Hevra v’da’at:Ha-ortodoksia ha-lo-tsiyonit b’eretz yisrael, 1918-1936. Jerusalem: Yad ben Tsvi Publications, 1977

Katz, Jacob, A House Divided: Orthodoxy and Schism in Nineteenth-Century Central European Jewry. Hanover: Brandeis University Press, 1998

Katz, Jacob,“Orthodoxy in Historical Perspective” in Peter Medding, ed., Studies in Contemporary Jewry. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1986

Keren-Kratz, Menachem, Ha-Ken’ai (The Zealot). Jerusalem: Zalman Shazar Center, 2020

Luz, Ehud, Parallels Meet. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1988.

Mahla, Daniel, Orthodox Judaism and the Politics of Religion: From Prewar Europe to the State of Israel, Cambridge University Press, 2020

Manekin, Rachel, The Jews of Galicia and the Austrian Constitution: The Beginning of Modern Jewish Politics (Hebrew). Jerusalem: Zalman Shazar, 2015

Manekin, Rachel, “Orthodoxy and Politics: The Galician Example” (Hebrew) in Orthodox Judaism: New Perspectives (Hebrew), edited by Yosef Salmon, Aviezer Ravitzky and Adam S. Ferziger. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 2006

Mintz, Jerome, Hasidic People: A Place in the New World. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992 

Myers, David, “Commanded War”: Three Chapters in the “Military” History of Satmar Hasidism,” Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 2013

Salmon, Yosef, Religion and Zionism: First Encounters. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 2002

Samet, Moshe, “The Beginnings of Orthodoxy.” Modern Judaism 8, no. 3 (1988): 249-69

Seidman, Naomi, Sarah Schenirer and the Bais Yaakov Movement: A Revolution in the Name of Tradition. London: Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 2019

Silber, Michael, “The Emergence of Ultra-Orthodoxy: The Invention of a Tradition” in Jack Wertheimer, ed., The Uses of Tradition: Jewish Continuity in the Modern Era. New York: Jewish Theological Seminar, 1992

Stampfer, Shaul, The Lithuanian Yeshiva. London: Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 2011

Weissman, Deborah R., “Bais Ya’akov as an Innovation in Jewish Women’s Education.” Studies in Jewish Education 7 (1995): 278-95

Wodziński, Marcin,  Historical Atlas of Hasidism, cartography by Waldemar Spallek. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2018


Brown, Benjamin, “Orthodox Halakhah and Custom: The Decisions of the Hazon Ish as a Case Study” (Hebrew) in Orthodox Judaism: New Perspectives (Hebrew), edited by Yosef Salmon, Aviezer Ravitzky and Adam S. Ferziger. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 2006

Etkes, Immanuel, Rabbi Israel Salanter and the Mussar Movement: Seeking the Torah of Truth. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1993

Friedman, Menachem, “Halachic Rabbinic Authority in the Modern Open Society,” in Jewish Religious Leadership: Image and Reality edited by Jack Wertheimer. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary, 2004

Friedman, Menachem, “The Lost Kiddush Cup: Changes in Ashkenazic Haredi Culture – a Tradition in Crisis,” in Jack Wertheimer, ed., The Uses of Tradition: Jewish Continuity in the Modern Era. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary, 1992

Kaplan, Lawrence, “Daas Torah: A Modern Conception of Rabbinic Authority” in Moshe Sokol, ed., Rabbinic Authority and Personal Autonomy. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson, 1992

Kaplan, Lawrence, “The Hazan Ish: Haredi Critic of Contemporary Orthodoxy,” in Jack Wertheimer, ed., The Uses of Tradition: Jewish Continuity in the Modern Era. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary, 1992

Katz, Jacob, “Towards a Biography of the Hatam Sofer,” in Frances Malino and David Sorkin, eds., Profiles in Diversity: Jews in a Changing Europe 1750-1870. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1998

Magid, Shaul, Hasidism Incarnate: Hasidism and the Construction of Modern Judaism. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2014

Magid, Shaul, Piety and Rebellion: Essays in Hasidism, Boston, Academic Studies Press, 2019

Magid, Shaul, ”The Necessity of Exile,” Tablet Magazine, November 9, 2020

Magid, Shaul, ”The Satmar are Anti-Zionist, Why Should We Care?” Tablet Magazine, May 21, 2020

Mittleman, Alan L., The Politics of Torah: The Jewish Political Tradition and the Founding of Agudat Israel. New York, 1996

Ravitzky, Aviezer, “On the Boundaries of Orthodoxy” (Hebrew) in Orthodox Judaism: New Perspectives (Hebrew), edited by Yosef Salmon, Aviezer Ravitzky and Adam S. Ferziger. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 2006

Ravitzky, Aviezer, Messianism, Zionism, and Jewish Religious Radicalism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996

Sagi, Avi, “Orthodoxy as Problem” (Hebrew) in Orthodox Judaism: New Perspectives (Hebrew), edited by Yosef Salmon, Aviezer Ravitzky and Adam S. Ferziger. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 2006

Shapiro, Marc B., Changing the Immutable: How Orthodox Judaism Rewrites Its History. Oxford: Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 2015

Soloveitchik, Haim, “Rupture and Reconstruction: The Transformation of Contemporary Orthodoxy,” Tradition Vol. 28, No. 4 (Summer 1994)

Leaving Orthodoxy

Cappel, Ezra, Jessica Lang, Off the Derech: Leaving Orthodox Judaism. Albany: SUNY Press, 2020

Deen, Shulem, All who go do not return. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Graywolf Press, 2015

Fader, Ayala, Hidden Heretics: Jewish Doubt in the Digital Age. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2020

Newfield, Schneur Zalman, Degrees of Separation: Identity Formation While Leaving Ultra-Orthodox Judaism. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2020

Shuman, Sam, “Feminism as Capitalism’s Handmaiden in My Unorthodox Life,” @TheTable, Feminist Studies in Religion, 2022.

Schwartz, Shira, “Unorthodox Media,” @theTable, Feminist Studies in Religion, 2022

Schwartz, Shira, “The Unorthodox Choice,” @theTable, Feminist Studies in Religion, 2022

Lifestyle / Form of Life

Finkelman, Yoel, Strictly Kosher Reading: Popular Literature and the Condition of Contemporary Orthodoxy. Boston: Academic Studies Press, 2011

Golan, Oren, & Mishol-Shauli, Nakhi, “Fundamentalist web journalism: Walking a fine line between religious ultra-Orthodoxy and the new media ethos,” European Journal of  Communication, 33:3 (2018), 304-320.

Mishol-Shauli, Nakhi, & Golan, Oren, “Mediatizing the Holy Community—Ultra-Orthodoxy Negotiation and Presentation on Public Social-Media,” Religions, 10:7 (2019), 438-458

Rosenberg, Hananel, Blondheim, Menahem., & Katz, Elihu, “It’s the text, stupid! Mobile phones, religious communities, and the silent threat of text messages,” New Media & Society, 21:11-12 (2019), 2325-2346.

Shanes, Joshua, “‘Hands up! Don’t shoot! We want Summer Camp!’: Orthodox Jewry in the Age of COVID-19 and Black Lives Matter,” Jewish Social Studies 26:1 (Fall, 2020): 143-155

Stolow, Jeremy, Orthodox by Design: Judaism, Print Politics, and the ArtScroll Revolution. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010.

Tapper, Aaron Joshua, “The ‘Cult’ of Aish Hatorah: Ba’alei Teshuva and the Newly Religious Movement Phenomenon.” Jewish Journal of Sociology 44, nos. 1-2 (2002): 5-29

Taragin-Zeller, Lea, 2021. A Rabbi of One’s Own? Navigating Religious Authority and Ethical Freedom in Everyday Judaism, American Anthropologist 123(4):  833-845

Taragin-Zeller, Lea and Kasstan, Ben, 2020, “I didn’t know how to be with my husband”: State-Religion struggles over Sex Education in Israel and England, Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 52 (1): 5-20.

Taragin-Zeller, Lea, 2014, Modesty for Heaven’s Sake: Authority and Creativity among Female Ultra-Orthodox Teenagers in Israel, Nashim: A Journal of Jewish Women’s Studies & Gender Issues, 26, Spring 5774: 75-96.

Yogev, Dikla, “Community-Society Equilibrium: Religious Organizations in the Service of a Secular State.” Contemporary Jewry 41(2) (2021): 369-86.


Arbel, Yuval, Chaim Fialkoff and Amichai Kerner, “Are Ultra-Orthodox Jews Healthier than Secular Jews? Gender Differences, Cohort Effect, Lifestyle and Obesity.” Contemporary Jewry (Online first) (2021).

Black, Shlomo, Itschak Trachtengot and Gabriel Horenczyk, “Community Post-Traumatic Growth: Israel Ultra-Orthodox Coping with Coronavirus.” Contemporary Jewry (Online First), (2022).

Magid, Shaul, ”COVID-19 Haredi Judaism and Magical Thinking,” Tablet Magazine, April 30, 2020

Pinchas-Mizrachi, Ronit and Baruch Velan, “The Effects of Sociocultural Transitioning on Accessibility to Healthcare: The Case of Haredi Jews Who Leave Their Communities.” Contemporary Jewry (Online First) (2022).

Raucher, Michal, Conceiving Agency: Reproductive Authority among Haredi Women. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2020.

Shuman, Sam, Stop the Spread: Gossip, COVID-19, and the Theology of Social Life.” Religions 12 (12): 1037, 2021.

Taragin-Zeller, Lea, Rozenblum, Yael and Baram-Tsabari, Ayelet, 2020, “Public engagement with Science among Religious Minorities: Lessons from COVID-19”, Science Communication, 42 (5): 643-678.

Taragin-Zeller, Lea, 2019, Conceiving God’s Children: Towards a Flexible Model of Reproductive Decision Making, Medical Anthropology, 38 (4): 370-381.

Taragin-Zeller, Lea, 2019, Towards an Anthropology of Doubt: The Case of Religious Reproduction in Orthodox Judaism, Journal of Modern Jewish Studies, 18 (1): 1-20. 

 Zalcberg, Sara and Sima Zalcberg Block, “COVID-19 Amongst the Ultra-Orthodox Population in Israel: An Inside Look into the Causes of the High Morbidity Rates.” Contemporary Jewry 41(1) (2021): 99-121

Websites on Haredi demography

Jewish Data Bank

Berman Jewish Policy Archive

Jewish Data Bank > Search > Ultra-Orthodox

Recent Discussions

JQR Forum: The Haredi Moment, Part I (April 12, 2021) 

JQR Forum: The Haredi Moment, Part II (April 19, 2021)

JQR Forum: The Haredi Moment, Part III (April 26, 2021):